• Author : A Peace to End All Peace
  • Publisher : Holt Paperbacks
  • Release Date : 2010-08-03
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 1429988525
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Published with a new afterword from the author—the classic, bestselling account of how the modern Middle East was created The Middle East has long been a region of rival religions, ideologies, nationalisms, and ambitions. All of these conflicts—including the hostilities between Arabs and Israelis, and the violent challenges posed by Iraq's competing sects—are rooted in the region's political inheritance: the arrangements, unities, and divisions imposed by the Allies after the First World War. In A Peace to End All Peace, David Fromkin reveals how and why the Allies drew lines on an empty map that remade the geography and politics of the Middle East. Focusing on the formative years of 1914 to 1922, when all seemed possible, he delivers in this sweeping and magisterial book the definitive account of this defining time, showing how the choices narrowed and the Middle East began along a road that led to the conflicts and confusion that continue to this day. A new afterword from Fromkin, written for this edition of the book, includes his invaluable, updated assessment of this region of the world today, and on what this history has to teach us.


  • Author : A Peace to End All Peace
  • Publisher : Weidenfeld & Nicolson
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Pages : 635
  • ISBN : 1842120433
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Peopled with larger-than-life figures such as Winston Churchill (around whom the story is structured), General Kitchener and T.E. Lawrence, Gertrude Bell, Attaturk, Emir Feisal and Lloyd George the book describes the showdown with the Ottoman Empire which erupted into the devastating Eastern campaign of World War I and led to the formation - by bureaucracy and subterfuge by Americans and Europeans - of the states known collectively as the Middle East. The years 1914-1922 were the creative, formative years when everything seemed possible, but the events of 1922, the pivotal year, set the course for a future of endless wars and acts of terrorism that became the legacy of this period. Issues such as The Allenby Declaration establishing nominal independence for Egypt, the Palestine Mandate and the Churchill White Paper (from which Israel and Jordan sprang), the installing of Hashemite leaders of predominantly Shi'ite teritories, new leaders for Egypt and Iraq, the Russian declaration of a Soviet Union intent on re-establishing her rule over Moslem Central Asia - David Fromkin shows how all these changed the Middle East (and Europe) forever.


  • Author : The Way of the World
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Pages : 253
  • ISBN : 9780679766698
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Traces the evolution of civilization from ancient times to the present day and examines how the changing complexities of society have shaped our concept of history and our vision of the future.


  • Author : Anna Karenina 1
  • Publisher : Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia
  • Release Date : 2016-11-21
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9786024240233
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

“Keluarga bahagia mirip satu dengan lainnya, keluarga tak bahagia tidak bahagia dengan jalannya sendiri-sendiri.” Novel Anna Karenina adalah kisah tentang tiga keluarga, salah satunya keluarga Karenin. Anna, istri Karenin, menyeleweng dengan seorang opsir muda yang mengaguminya, Aleksei Vronskii, dan akhirnya memutuskan tali perkawinan. Bagi Anna, penyelewengan itu merupakan petaka yang tak dapat ditolak dengan segudang alasan. Salah satunya, di mata Anna, Karenin hanyalah sepotong boneka tanpa jiwa dan harga diri meskipun dia seorang pejabat tinggi. “Dia itu bukan laki-laki, bukan manusia, tapi boneka!... Dia itu bukan manusia, tapi mesin kementerian,” kata Anna tentang suaminya.


  • Author : Grand Strategy in Theory and Practice
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-01-12
  • Pages : 530
  • ISBN : 9781107082069
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

This book explores fundamental questions about grand strategy, as it has evolved across generations and countries. It provides an overview of the ancient era of grand strategy and a detailed discussion of its philosophical, military, and economic foundations in the modern era. The author investigates these aspects through the lenses of four approaches - those of historians, social scientists, practitioners, and military strategists. The main goal is to provide contemporary policy makers and scholars with a historic and analytic framework in which to evaluate and conduct grand strategy. By providing greater analytical clarity about grand strategy and describing its nature and its utility for the state, this book presents a comprehensive theory on the practice of grand strategy in order to articulate the United States' past, present, and future purpose and position on the world stage.


  • Author : The Hidden History of the Balfour Declaration
  • Publisher : OR Books
  • Release Date : 2019-06-27
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 9781682191460
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Contained on a single page, the Balfour Declaration was sent by Arthur Balfour, the British Foreign Secretary, to Lord Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, in November 1917. It read, in part, “His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.” This brief missive was to be critical in determining the history of the Middle East, from the creation of the state of Israel in 1948 to the present day. And yet, despite its importance, the true origins of the Declaration remain obscure. The Declaration, Sahar Huneidi observes, was a work of carefully crafted ambiguity. It was this deliberate openness that allowed the British government, years later, to reshape its meaning, and even the history of its drafting, to support specific foreign policy ends. This process, Huneidi argues, was facilitated by a subsequent document: a little-known, handwritten memo by the Under-Secretary of the Colonial Office, William Ormsby-Gore, recounting from memory discussions surrounding the Declaration’s drafting. Employing careful detective work and a rich knowledge of the subject matter, Huneidi reveals how, faced with a paucity of official records, Ormsby-Gore’s account became the basis for a decision on Palestine that had devastating consequences for the stability of the region. This concise, eloquent book provides a vivid case study of the rewriting and repurposing of history, and compellingly recontextualizes the ongoing struggles of Israel–Palestine. Sahar Huneidi has a BA in Political Science from the American University of Beirut, and a Ph.D. from the University of Manchester, where her thesis formed the basis of her subsequent published work on Herbert Samuel. She has contributed numerous articles to academic journals and has edited studies on Israel/Palestine. She has also received diploma certificates in art history from Christie’s Education. She is the director of East & West Publishing and lives mainly in London.


  • Author : Not Even My Name
  • Publisher : Picador
  • Release Date : 2007-04-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1429974761
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

A riveting account of exile from Turkish genocide, brought to light for the first time ever in Sano Halo's personal story Not Even My Name exposes the genocide carried out during and after WW I in Turkey, which brought to a tragic end the 3000-year history of the Pontic Greeks (named for the Pontic Mountain range below the Black Sea). During this time, almost 2 million Pontic Greeks and Armenians were slaughtered and millions of others were exiled. Not Even My Name is the unforgettable story of Sano Halo's survival, as told to her daughter, Thea, and of their trip to Turkey in search of Sano's home 70 years after her exile. Sano Halo was a 10-year-old girl when she was torn from her ancient, pastoral way of life in the mountains and sent on a death march that annihilated her family. Stripped of everything she had ever held dear, even her name, Sano was sold by her surrogate family into marriage when still a child to a man three times her age. Not Even My Name follows Sano's marriage, the raising of her ten children in New York City, and her transformation as an innocent girl who was forced to move from a bucolic life to the 20th century in one bold stride. Written in haunting and eloquent prose, Not Even My Name weaves a seamless texture of individual and group memory, evoking all the suspense and drama of the best told tales.


  • Author : The Wilsonian Moment
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2007-07-23
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0198039158
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

During the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, while key decisions were debated by the victorious Allied powers, a multitude of smaller nations and colonies held their breath, waiting to see how their fates would be decided. President Woodrow Wilson, in his Fourteen Points, had called for "a free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims," giving equal weight would be given to the opinions of the colonized peoples and the colonial powers. Among those nations now paying close attention to Wilson's words and actions were the budding nationalist leaders of four disparate non-Western societies--Egypt, India, China, and Korea. That spring, Wilson's words would help ignite political upheavals in all four of these countries. This book is the first to place the 1919 Revolution in Egypt, the Rowlatt Satyagraha in India, the May Fourth movement in China, and the March First uprising in Korea in the context of a broader "Wilsonian moment" that challenged the existing international order. Using primary source material from America, Europe, and Asia, historian Erez Manela tells the story of how emerging nationalist movements appropriated Wilsonian language and adapted it to their own local culture and politics as they launched into action on the international stage. The rapid disintegration of the Wilsonian promise left a legacy of disillusionment and facilitated the spread of revisionist ideologies and movements in these societies; future leaders of Third World liberation movements--Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh, and Jawaharlal Nehru, among others--were profoundly shaped by their experiences at the time. The importance of the Paris Peace Conference and Wilson's influence on international affairs far from the battlefields of Europe cannot be underestimated. Now, for the first time, we can clearly see just how the events played out at Versailles sparked a wave of nationalism that is still resonating globally today.


  • Author : The World War I Reader
  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 0814758320
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

A collection of primary and secondary documents that offers students, scholars, and war buffs an extensive and easy-to-follow overview of World War I.


  • Author : The End of the Ottoman Empire 1908 1923
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-06-06
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 9781317888659
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

The collapse of the Ottoman Empire is a key event in the shaping of our own times. From its ruins rose a whole map of new countries including Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and the perennially troubled area of Palestine as well as the Balkan lands - states which were to remain flashpoints of international tension. This thoughtful and lucid volume considers the reasons for the end of the Ottoman Empire; explains the course of it; and examines the aftermath.