• Author : Europe s Last Summer
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Release Date : 2007-12-18
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0307425789
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

When war broke out in Europe in 1914, it surprised a European population enjoying the most beautiful summer in memory. For nearly a century since, historians have debated the causes of the war. Some have cited the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand; others have concluded it was unavoidable. In Europe’s Last Summer, David Fromkin provides a different answer: hostilities were commenced deliberately. In a riveting re-creation of the run-up to war, Fromkin shows how German generals, seeing war as inevitable, manipulated events to precipitate a conflict waged on their own terms. Moving deftly between diplomats, generals, and rulers across Europe, he makes the complex diplomatic negotiations accessible and immediate. Examining the actions of individuals amid larger historical forces, this is a gripping historical narrative and a dramatic reassessment of a key moment in the twentieth-century.


  • Author : Europe s Last Summer
  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release Date : 2009-05-27
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9781409044024
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

The Great War not only destroyed the lives of over twenty million soldiers and civilians, it also ushered in a century of huge political and social upheaval, led directly to the Second World War and altered for ever the mechanisms of governments. And yet its causes, both long term and immediate, have continued to be shrouded in mystery. In Europe's Last Summer, David Fromkin reveals a new pattern in the happenings of that fateful July and August, which leads in unexpected directions. Rather than one war, starting with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, he sees two conflicts, related but not inseparably linked, whose management drew Europe and the world into what The Economist described as early as 1914 as 'perhaps the greatest tragedy in human history'.


  • Author : The Emperor and the Peasant
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Release Date : 2017-12-28
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN : 9781476669571
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

"A unique, eye-opening approach…the author performs an outstanding round-up of the existing literature on the Habsburg Monarchy, from the old classics like Wickham Steed to the latest."--Geoffrey Wawro, A Mad Catastrophe: The Outbreak of World War I and the Collapse of the Habsburg Empire "This wonderful book explores oft-neglected history and is enlivened by a family story that exemplifies the lives of many immigrants from Central Europe. Read it for vivid insight into a complex time still relevant today."--John Palka, author of My Slovakia, My Family "A unique, engaging account of World War I as seen through the eyes of both the Austro-Hungarian emperor and one of his Slovakian peasants--a fascinating read combining geopolitics, class, ethnicity, and personal history."--Bernard Tamas, Valdosta State University. There was more to World War I than the Western Front. This history juxtaposes the experiences of a monarch and a peasant on the Eastern Front. Franz Josef I, emperor of Austria-Hungary, was the first European leader to declare war in 1914 and was the first to commence firing. Samuel Mozolak was a Slovak laborer who sailed to New York--and fathered twins, taken as babies (and U.S. citizens) to his home village--before being drafted into the Austro-Hungarian army and killed in combat. The author interprets the views of the war of Franz Josef and his contemporaries Kaiser Wilhelm II and Tsar Nicholas II. Mozolak's story depicts the life of a peasant in an army staffed by aristocrats, and also illustrates the pattern of East European immigration to America.


  • Author : In Defence of War
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-09-12
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 9780199672615
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Pacifism is popular. Many hold that war is unnecessary, since peaceful means of resolving conflict are always available, if only we had the will to look for them. Or they believe that war is wicked, essentially involving hatred of the enemy and carelessness of human life. Or they posit the absolute right of innocent individuals not to be deliberately killed, making it impossible to justify war in practice. Against the virus of wishful thinking, anti-militarycaricature, and the domination of moral deliberation by rights-talk In Defence of War asserts that belligerency can be morally justified, even while it is tragic and morally flawed. Recovering the earlyChristian tradition of just war thinking, it argues in favour of aggressive war in punishment of grave injustice; that morality can justify military intervention even in transgression of positive international law (e.g., Kosovo); that love and the doctrine of double effect can survive combat; that the constraints of proportionality are sufficiently permissive to sanction Britain's belligerency in 1914-18; and that the invasion of Iraq in 2003 was justified.


  • Author : The Assassination of Europe 1918 1942
  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • Release Date : 2014-10-29
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9781442609211
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

In this fascinating volume, renowned historian Howard M. Sachar relates the tragedy of twentieth-century Europe through an innovative, riveting account of the continent's political assassinations between 1918 and 1939 and beyond. By tracing the violent deaths of key public figures during an exceptionally fraught time period—the aftermath of World War I—Sachar lays bare a much larger history: the gradual moral and political demise of European civilization and its descent into World War II. In his famously arresting prose, Sachar traces the assassinations of Rosa Luxemburg, Kurt Eisner, Matthias Erzberger, and Walther Rathenau in Germany—a lethal chain reaction that contributed to the Weimar Republic's eventual collapse and Hitler's rise to power. Sachar's exploration of political fragility in Italy, Austria, the successor states of Eastern Europe, and France completes a mordant yet intriguing exposure of the Old World's lethal vulnerability. The final chapter, which chronicles the deaths of Stefan and Lotte Zweig, serves as a thought-provoking metaphor for the assassination of the Old World itself.


  • Author : Moments of Decision
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • Release Date : 2014-07-31
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781623564148
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

In this expanded second edition, the radical classic Moments of Decision has been updated more than 20 years since it was first published and received the Michael Harrington Book Award. Reexamining observations made after the fall of communism, Stephen Eric Bronner blends political meditation, philosophical critique, and history lessons to illuminate the monumental crises that shaped the 20th and 21st centuries. A cosmopolitan work that touches on the implications of conflicts ranging from World War I to the Arab Spring, Moments of Decision explores the assumptions of socialist historiography and the character of modernity. In clear, accessible prose, Bronner has revived and revised a seminal work that is ideal for students, scholars, and anyone interested in political history, theory, and international relations. PRAISE FOR THE PREVIOUS EDITION: “To guess about the future Bronner has rightly looked into the past, going back to the first world war and the momentous split in the labor movement. His book is a learned, lively and inevitably controversial contribution to the political and historical debates of our age.” - Daniel Singer, THE NATION “Stephen Bronner is a distinctive voice on the American left. He combines a deep understanding of working class political history with a passionate interest in devising a democratic strategy for our time, and is willing to take risks in saying just what that strategy should be. Bronner's analysis is both principled and shrewd, unsparing and hopeful. Even where one disagrees with it, one learns.” - Joel Rogers, University of Wisconsin Law School, Editor, POLITICS AND SOCIETY


  • Author : The United States and NATO
  • Publisher : University Press of Kentucky
  • Release Date : 2015-01-13
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780813163369
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

The creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was one of the most important accomplishments of American diplomacy in countering the Soviet threat during the early days of the Cold War. Why and how such a reversal of a 150-year nonalignment policy by the United States was brought about, and how the goals of the treaty became a reality, are questions addressed here by a leading scholar of NATO. The importance of restoring Europe to strength and stability in the post-World War II years was as obvious to America as to its allies, but the means of achieving that goal were far from clear. The problem for European statesmen was how to secure much- needed American economic and military aid without sacrificing political independence. For American policymakers, in contrast, a degree of American control was seen as an essential quid pro quo. As Mr. Kaplan shows, the lengthy negotiations of 1947 and 1948 were chiefly concerned with reconciling these opposing views.For the Truman administration, the difficulties of achieving a treaty acceptable to the allies were matched by those of winning its acceptance by Congress and the public. Many Americans saw such an "entangling alliance" as a threat not only to American security but to the viability of the United Nations. Mr. Kaplan demonstrates the tortuous course of the debate on the treaty and the pivotal role of the communist invasion of South Korea in its ultimate approval. This authoritative study offers a timely reevaluation of the origins of an alliance that continues to play a critical role in the balance of power and in the prospects for world peace.


  • Author : A History of Modern Europe
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-12-10
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 9781118321577
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

A History of Modern Europe surveys European history from thedefeat of Napoleon to the twenty-first century, presenting majorhistorical themes in an authoritative and compellingnarrative. Concise, readable single volume covering Europe from the earlynineteenth century through the early twenty-first century Vigorous interpretation of events reflects a fresh, conciseperspective on European history Clear and thought-provoking treatment of major historicalthemes Lively narrative reflects complexity of modern Europeanhistory, but remains accessible to those unfamiliar with thefield


  • Author : Book Review Index
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Pages :
  • ISBN : UOM:39015066027981
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

Every 3d issue is a quarterly cumulation.


  • Author : Uniting Europe
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 1860947239
  • Language : English, Spanish, and French

Book Summary:

This book sets out to give a straightforward insider''s account of the current realities of European integration. It succinctly reviews the reasons and methods of European integration, analyses what the European Union (EU) really does, and examines how funds are spent. The whole range of current EU policies is critically reviewed: the Single market; the Euro; and the common policies on agriculture, fisheries, the regions, industry, competition, transport, the environment, social affairs, consumer protection, research, taxation, justice, trade, development, foreign affairs and defence.This book argues for a much slimmed-down European executive. It needs to become fully accountable in a democratically legitimised bicameral federal system, and take charge only of policies essential for effective internal and external security and for a working economic and monetary union. To avoid policy paralysis and continued mismanagement by a redistributive and over-regulatory bureaucracy, most of the current OC low politicsOCO and EU funds should be returned to the member states and their regions. This book thus makes a long overdue informed contribution to the debate on Europe''s future constitution."