In the 16th century, the beginning of African enslavement in the Americas until the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment and emancipation in 1865, Africans were hunted like animals, captured, sold, tortured, and raped. They experienced the worst kind of physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual abuse. Given such history, isn't it likely that many of the enslaved were severely traumatized? And did the trauma and the effects of such horrific abuse end with the abolition of slavery? Emancipation was followed by one hundred more years of institutionalized subjugation through the enactment of Black Codes and Jim Crow laws, peonage, convict leasing, domestic terrorism and lynching. Today the violations continue, and when combined with the crimes of the past, they result in yet unmeasured injury. What do repeated traumas, endured generation after generation by a people produce? What impact have these ordeals had on African Americans today? Dr. Joy DeGruy, answers these questions and more. With over thirty years of practical experience as a professional in the mental health field, Dr. DeGruy encourages African Americans to view their attitudes, assumptions, and behaviors through the lens of history and so gain a greater understanding of how centuries of slavery and oppression have impacted people of African descent in America. Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome helps to lay the necessary foundation to ensure the well-being and sustained health of future generations and provides a rare glimpse into the evolution of society's beliefs, feelings, attitudes and behavior concerning race in America.
Guide to accompany Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome Revised Edition
soft cover printed 2012
This study guide is an essential instrument to providing the practical application of principles enumerated in the book: Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome - America's Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing. Includes a summary of chapters from the book Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome . Includes charts, reflection and discussion questions and glossary . Tools for transforming negative behaviors into positive behaviors.
One group that has received little attention in the psychological literature, with regards to issues of race as related to the practice of psychology, is the military. The military is a unique cultural entity that most people think provides soldiers of African descent with the system and resources they need to serve in the U.S. military. Author, Janetra Johnson, had chronological over a decade of National Guard history, in which she discovered the National Guard erroneously maintained a deregulated EEO and AEP program.Janetra is a military veteran and she fought the Guard over its deregulated pay policy during the California National Guards largest financial crisis. The California National Guard's recruiting bonus controversy was the largest known financial calamity and it had received little attention.Inside the book, Janetra walks her readers through the process of how she dealt with those financial thoughts of slavery and the Jim Crow era. The book is written from the perspective of a veteran of African descent, who had experienced Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome (PTSS) while serving in the California Air National Guard and has managed to experience a great reduction of these symptoms over the years. The book tells the story of how she found out about PTSS.What is Post Traumatic Slave Disorder?According to Wikipedia, Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America's Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing (PTSS) is a 2005 book resulting from years of historical and psychological research by Dr. Joy DeGruy (née Leary), Ph.D. PTSS describes a set of behaviors, beliefs and actions associated with or, related to multi-generational trauma experienced by African Americans that include but are not limited to undiagnosed and untreated Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in enslaved Africans and their descendants. PTSS posits that centuries of slavery in the United States, followed by systemic and structural racism and oppression, including lynching, Jim Crow laws, and unwarranted mass incarceration, have resulted in multigenerational maladaptive behaviors, which originated as survival strategies."ABOUT THE AUTHOR:Janetra Johnson studied the African American culture during slavery and the Jim Crow era. She also studied women rights. She earned a Bachelors in Philosophy, Pre-law, and a Masters degree in Business Administration. She had written a series of books about her experiences in the California National Guard. These books were written from the perspective of an African American veteran.
This interpretive qualitative study used Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome (PTSS) and Bowen Family Systems (BFST) theories to explore mental health service use by African Americans. The goal of the study was two-fold. First, to increase understanding of the lived experiences of African Americans, with consideration of the impact of historical and ongoing race and oppression, across generations. Second, to explore mental health service use via the lens of the African American experience. Data collection included the use of two semi-structured interviews, a focused genogram and a demographic questionnaire. All participants self-identified as African American and were comprised of seven females and two males. The data analysis revealed themes in two main categories: The African American Experience and Conversations about Mental Health. The resulting themes as follows, with four in the first category and three in the second, respectively: ongoing racism and oppression, symptoms of PTSS, strength and character, The Talk, types of sharing, perception and the service use advocate. The findings provide the context through which the African American experience influences mental health service use.
I describe in this book how the Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome has historically and currently affected my own family, and subsequently many other Black families. The book suggests that pre-slavery, Middle Passage, post-slavery, and modern-day conditions contributed to the Black family’s pathologies. It goes on to demonstrate the manifestation of some of these specific problems in my family that has been caused by these historical conditions. It shows how the past continues to write on the slate of today. It also implies that the Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome will continue to affect the Black family in the distant future.
The purpose of Volume II of "From Post-Traumatic Slave Syndrome to Self-Determination and Greatness" is to describe how and when this intergenerational trauma was established after tens of thousands of Black African global hegemonies. The trauma began when the foundations of modern civilization were stolen numerous Aryan invaders, including Indo-European Arabs that now inhabit the Northeast African Sub-Continent (today's Middle East) and Kemet (today's Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, and Somali). The current result of these invasions is ideology of white supremacy and racism that denies Africans in Diaspora and on the continent their quest for self-determination, knowledge of their past greatness, and intergenerational trauma that has altered the mindset of the unaware. This volume starts by describing how Africa ruled the Ancient World on all seven continents. Africa is cited as the root of all modern religion, particularly Christianity. Images of artifacts, paintings, and icons of a Black Madonna and Christ held in Europe's and Russia's cathedrals are depicted. These artistic renditions were created more than 1,000 years ago, closest to the death of Jesus Christ and construction of the New Testament, before racially transformed versions were remade within the last 500 years. This and other evidence suggest that Jesus and his twelve disciples were black like today's African-Americans and Africans residing in Sub-Saharan Africa. DNA evidence supporting this suggestion is explained. The argument that the people depicted in the Christian bible, its prophets, and Ancient Hebrews were Black Africans indistinguishable from today's African-Americans and Sub-Saharan cousins. Evidence to this argument is cited and presented from biblical scriptures. The book moves through time from the Ancient World to the Middle Ages prior to onset of African slavery where inbreed Africans were seeders and saviors of civilization in Europe derived from Ancient Africa. These inbreed Africans who resulted from 700 years of intermarriage with Aryan inhabitants and occupation by Black Moorish Overlords became Europe's royalty, nobility, ad leading churchmen. Their rule was challenged by the Reformation by populist Europeans who wanted to nationalize Christianity and break that connection between church and state by inbreed blacks. As part of the racial transformation of history, the Reformation is portrayed as a purely religious movement rather than a race war that would justify African slavery, colonization, and imperialism. Evidence is presented that the inbreed African royalty held on to their rule to the mid-19th century. The book describes how breaking the hold of the African hegemony led to the generation of wealth extracted from six of seven continents into Western Europe through human exploitation (thief, slavery, genocide, and post-traumatic slave syndrome).